Pioneer Principles: Your Heritage

July 24 is a very significant date in both Mormon and Utah state history. On Saturday July 24, 1847 – after nearly 17 months, and hundreds of miles of weary wagon travel – Brigham Young led an “advance party” of 148 pioneers into Utah’s Valley of the Great Salt Lake.

Brigham Young, painting by Robert T. Barrett
Brigham Young, painting by Robert T. Barrett

They sought a sanctuary where their people could live in peace, and enjoy religious and political freedom.

Brigham Young was not there by accident. He was a visionary leader who had studied and personally reviewed all available information on the Great Salt Lake Valley and the Great Basin. He had consulted with mountain men and trappers who traveled through the pioneer Winter Quarters, and had met with Father Pierre-Jean De Smet, a Jesuit missionary familiar with the Great Basin. Wary and weary from years of persecution, Brigham Young insisted the saints should settle in a location that no one else wanted. The Great Salt Lake Valley sounded like it met all of the requirements. Now, months later, Brigham Young gazed over the parched earth of that remote location and prophetically declared, “This is the right place!”

Brigham Young sees the Salt Lake Valley.
Brigham Young sees the Salt Lake Valley for the first time.

These advance pioneers immediately began preparations for the tens of thousands of Mormon migrants who would soon follow. Within hours of arrival Brigham Young had designated the location for a new Temple, and begun mapping out the city streets.

Early city plan – from the archives of the Utah Daughters of the Pioneers

In October of that same year, Young rejoined the main body of pioneers camping in Winter Quarters, Nebraska and across the river in Kanesville, Iowa. It was there that he was named president and sustained as prophet of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, formally succeeding the prophet Joseph Smith who had been murdered three years earlier.

In 1848, Brigham Young organized and led an exodus of thousands of Latter-day Saints to the Great Salt Lake. More large waves of Mormon pioneers followed.


By 1852, over 16,000 Mormons had come to the Great Salt Lake valley, some in wagons and some pushing and dragging handcarts.

This January 1853 print was published in The Illustrated London News: caption reads “The Great Salt Lake City of the Mormons, Looking West – The Salt Lake in the distance.”

By 1869, over 80,000 Mormons had made the trek to their promised land, and the valley as prophesied was “blossoming like a rose”.

Salt Lake City Map c1867
Great Salt Lake City Map – published June 1, 1867

It’s been 168 years since the Mormon Pioneers began their great Western Exodus, led by the “American Moses” Brigham Young. Every year we celebrate this event with pioneer re-enactments, parades, plays, cookouts and fireworks. But, is that the best way to honor their legacy? How can we truly remember and memorialize them?

Elder Dallin H. Oaks suggested that we BECOME pioneers.

He asked us to remember the Eternal Principles of the pioneers, and then to learn to walk in their footsteps to become pioneers for our own posterity.


What are the Eternal Pioneer Principles?

  1. Faith – trusting in God and knowing that He has a plan, even when you don’t know what it is.
  2. Hard Work – from sun up to sun down, pushing forward, never stopping, doing what needs to be done
  3. Planning – studying, preparing, gathering all the info you can, making educated life decisions.
  4. Courage – willing to leap into the unknown, trusting those who have gone before, and those who lead
  5. Sacrifice  – willing to give up what you want now, for what future generations need later.
  6. Testimony – above all else, every day living with a heart burning with a belief in Jesus Christ, as our Savior and Redeemer, who restored His church and prophets to the earth, and now willing to do everything possible to share that testimony with the world – and, even die for that testimony if required.

These are what I have so far. What other Pioneer Principles can you think of?

What are the pioneer principles that “reaffirm [your] heritage and strengthen its capacity to bless [your] own posterity and those millions of our Heavenly Father’s children who have yet to hear and accept the gospel of Jesus Christ.”? – MoSop

Enjoy this excerpt of a video called “Mormon Pioneers: Faith In Every Footstep” with LDS leaders narrating historic events, including the late Gordon B. Hinckley and James E. Faust, and a young President Thomas S. Monson.


    1. Hi John, great question! And sad to say I do not. In fact, I’m embarrassed that I am not sure how I found that image since this post is a couple years old. I’ve gotten better since then about notating my sources for images! If I can find the answer, I’ll be sure to send it to you! (and if you find it before me, please let me know) Thanks.


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